The collaborative examine on ‘How is the hinterland unlocking’ was carried out by the Aga Khan Rural Support Programme (India), Action for Social Advancement, Grameen Sahara, i-Saksham, PRADAN, SAATHI-UP, SeSTA, Seva Mandir and Transform Rural India Foundation.
The examine relies on a fast evaluation survey of 4,835 households throughout 11 states in 48 districts carried out within the interval of June 24 to July 8.
The examine discovered that 29 per cent of migrants, who had left for villages, are actually again in cities, whereas 45 per cent need to return to cities.
“Absence of skilled employment in villages is reflected in the fact that nearly 2/3rd of returned migrants have either migrated again or wish to do so,” it stated.
The examine additionally discovered that migrants who returned are engaged primarily in labour work in villages – greater than 80 per cent of them – which displays an absence of expert employment in villages.
“More than one-fourth of the migrant workers are still searching for work in villages,” the examine discovered.
It additionally discovered that one in Four households is considering taking their little one out of college (24 per cent).
“Though distress is still considerable, structural changes are not yet visible and the health risk of COVID-19 in rural India is rising,” the examine warned.
The survey discovered that 43 per cent of households nonetheless reported a discount on meals, whereas 55 per cent stated they’ve lowered the meal objects.
“Marked enhancement (compared to the interval in the course of the lockdown) in meals consumption, “ it’s doubtless that grain availability via PDS (public distribution system) has helped households enhance the consumption in addition to lowered the necessity to purchase from the market,” the examine famously.
The examine discovered that about 6 per cent of households have mortgaged home goods, whereas 15 per cent bought their livestock to deal with monetary misery.
In the sale of productive property for coping, the examine discovered that 2 per cent of households have bought dry cattle and milk cattle every.
About 2 per cent have mortgaged their land, whereas one per cent surveyed households have bought their land, the examine discovered.
About 10 per cent of households borrowed from prolonged households, whereas 7 per cent borrowed from cash lenders, the examine discovered.
The survey discovered that girls in households the place migrant members have returned skilled extra workload in comparison with different family members.
On authorities schemes, the examine discovered that 71 per cent of households have LPG and 85 per cent of these have it via Ujjwala Yojana.
“80 per cent of Ujjwala beneficiaries have received free refills in last month (June 2020), while 90 per cent households are eligible for PM-KISAN and 38 per cent of those have received the transfer of Rs 2000,” it stated.
On altering plans, the examine discovered that 35 per cent of households have postponed a ceremony, whereas 13 per cent have lowered the variety of guests without suspending the ceremony.